Under the Ming, the Chinese sought to reestablish a presence in the Indian Ocean by imposing control over trade. Wealthy merchants often converted to Islam, but did not give up their own religions or traditions.
Song goods traveled as far as east Africa and the power of the Song shifted south. The Song de-emphasized the military and instead focused on creating a scholar-based government.
Questions of Periodization Nature and causes of changes The fall of classical empires led to decentralization of government in China and in Europe leading up to the period of C.
Fast-ripening rice from Champa Vietnam doubled rice production, and trade along the completed Grand Canal connected the northern and southern areas of China. Paper was introduced from China, and they set up paper mills.
The Mongols attempted to invade Japan, but failed due to typhoon winds that destroyed their fleet. Missionaries were allowed to visit, but the Mongols converted to Islam. Islamic Political Structure After Mohammad, disagreement over succession leads to split between Shia should be descendant of Mohammad and Sunni should be the wisest member of the strongest tribe.
The set up a bureaucratic structure that used local administrators. Overland trade included luxury goods, such as silk and precious stones, while sea lanes carried larger, bulkier goods such as steel, stone, coral and building materials.
The Emperor was considered the head of the church and appointed the patriarch. Women - Women could keep dowries and had access to new jobs such as merchants.
They were originally migrant nomads who settled in the valley of central Mexico to found the city of Tenochtitlan. In 90 years, the empire grew to cover 3, square miles from north to south. They were a centralized empire with a capital city in Cuzco, Peru.
Sultanate of Delhi - - Afghan Turks invaded India and started to govern. The population increased and the capital of Kaifeng became a manufacturing center for cannons, movable type printing, water-powered mills, looms and high quality porcelain.
The Indian Ocean trade route becomes more prosperous as a result of the collapse of classical empires in Rome and China, which had helped secure the overland trade routes. Their economy was agricultural based, and they used cacao beans as currency.
By the mid 9th century, the Abbasid Caliphate had been broken into smaller states, but Islam was the cultural continuity. The civil service exam system provided upward mobility for males, though the expense of preparation was only afforded by the wealthy.
The used an extensive irrigation system and terrace farming to adapt to the rugged Andean terrain. The collapse of the Han dynasty in China opened the door to the spread and appeal of Buddhism into China, since the Confucian authority was no longer centralized.
Central authority was tightened as well. The Mamluks served in the army and eventually weakened the Abbasid rule. The Southern Song established a capital at Hangzhou, where commerce grew.
Unlike in China, the Mongols mixed with the local people. The empires of Ghana and Mali profited from Trans-Sahara trade, and leaders adapted Islam from merchants.
Society was patriarchal and there were few rights for women. Muslim merchants spread improved irrigation in the region, which led to increases in food production and population.
It had an effective military and a bureaucracy the answered to the emperor. The Song also used cotton sails and compasses to build a strong navy and the ability to ship more goods to the rest of the world.
They also reestablished the tribute system in which neighboring peoples had to pay tribute to keep peace. Sudanic States - One area impacted by the increase in interaction throughout the period was western Africa. Islam provided social continuity during and after the rule of the caliphates Spread through military conquest, trade and missionary activity - Sufis most active missionaries Tolerance for other beliefs allowed it to spread Simple message of what to do and not do Appealed to the poor due to charity focus and inclusion as spiritual equals Universal civilization Merchants influence over trade routes allowed Islam to spread throughout North Africa and the Indian Ocean basin.
The Sui dynasty - C. The Ming attempted to destroy all traces of Mongol rule and began by reinstating the civil service examination system.
Tang policies also influenced the spread of Buddhism, but saw a backlash toward the end of the dynasty because Buddhism was seen as a foreign religion.
Local rulers were permitted to rule as long as they kept order and paid taxes. Upper class women could own property, move about in public and remarry.
Confucian beliefs solidified the government through the use of the civil service examination system.Changes and Continuities from to Changes: -The indian ocean still remained a major trade route. Topical Review, Essays, and Images For a topical overview of the time period, and related essay prompts, click here.
CE - Help · About ·. Prompt: Development Change Continuities Describe the developments and shifts in trade in the Indian Ocean trade between and State reasons for change and reasons for continuities. Rise of united chinese state (Tang and Song Dynasties AD) encourages maritime trade. Changes and continuities in commerce in the Indian ocean region from to C.E.
In the period between C.E. and C.E., the Indian Ocean region endured both change and continuity. One continuity is simply trade, for this 1, years the Indian ocean was an important trading zone.
Analyze the change and continuities in commerce along the Indian Ocean from to C.E. Pgs. Across the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea, from C.E., theIndian Ocean trade had many changes and continuities.
– CCOT () Analyze changes and continuities in commerce in the Indian Ocean region from C.E.
to C.E. () Analyze similarities and differences in TWO of the following trade networks in the period C.E.
to C.E. Trade throughout the Indian Ocean trade network continued as a high rate throughout the age of exploration. Describe European merchants overall trade role c.
Because many of the resources in the Indian Ocean trade network were difficult to produce or could not be found in Europe, European merchants had to pay in bullion in order to.Download