The elements of your scientific story Your storyline must address the following: In some journals, the Results and Discussion sections are combined.
If the methods used are novel and a focus of the paper, then context for those methods should be provided. Do you have anything to add?
The key results should always be given in the Abstract and Discussion, and I advise also briefly stating your key results again at the end of the Introduction. Eliminating needless words also naturally helps with the goal of writing short, simple sentences.
Data is hard to interpret. This is the section where you should discuss the new questions and avenues of research raised by your study.
The reader is looking for results in the Results section; if he or she wants to know about the three 20 mM Tris wash steps in your Western blot procedure or the catalog number of an antibody used, the reader can go to the Material and Methods section for that information.
After giving the necessary background, it is appropriate to briefly state your main experimental approaches and key findings. If the manuscript has a separate Discussion section, detailed speculation and interpretation should be left to the Discussion.
What do I mean by this? Whenever you can, aim for short, simple sentences. The Material and Methods is not a place for discussion or speculation; it is more of a technical recipe guide.
What were your results? Next in Part 2 of this series: Redundant details complicate and clutter your writing. This is unnecessary, and slows the reader down. Involved rationales for why experiments were performed or descriptions of results do not belong in this section.
Any writing tips that you would like to share? I will also offer style tips for clear, effective writing. There is much that goes into making a clear scientific manuscript. Think of your paper as a road leading from the Introduction to the Discussion.
Easier said than done, I know. You want to guide your reader down that road as smoothly as possible; you want no gaping holes in the road, no sudden jumps in logic. Conclusion Writing a good scientific manuscript means writing a clear story.
These key points take the form of your key results and their implications, and these points should be consistently emphasized. These points are further elaborated over the course of the rest of the manuscript, with different sections focused upon different points.
Essentials of Writing Biomedical Research Papers. This is where authors discuss in detail the interpretation and implications of their results.
The Introduction section elaborates on point 1 above. Aim for one major idea per sentence.
To develop an accelerated and more efficient model of drug resistance, we turned to a continuous dosing strategy. But as an editor, I cannot decide on your key manuscript points for you. In this post, I want to look more closely at the different sections of a scientific manuscript, and of how these sections come together.
This storyline is given in condensed form in the Abstract section of your paper. These five points should be covered as succinctly, yet clearly, as possible in the Abstract. How do they build upon the previous work in the field? An overview on structuring your storyline I have worked as a scientist, and I have worked as a scientific writer and editor.On writing a scientific manuscript: Part I and II April 7, Research Funding Opportunities: NSF and NIH Grants December 9, Some tips from a former journal editor for publishing research October 15, Introducing a new series on effective writing and publishing of scientific papers.
Kotz D, Cals JW, Tugwell P, Knottnerus JA. Effective writing and publishing scientific papers, part II: title and abstract. Cals JW, Kotz D. Effective writing and publishing scientific papers, part XI: submitting a paper. Kotz D, Cals JW.
Effective writing and publishing scientific papers series Kotz D, Cals JW, Tugwell P, Knottnerus JA. Introducing a new series on effective writing and publishing of scientific papers. PDF | On Feb 19,Jochen W.L.
Cals and others published Effective writing and publishing scientific papers, part II: Title and abstract. 1.
J Clin Epidemiol. Oct;66(10) doi: /killarney10mile.compi Effective writing and publishing scientific papers, part VI: discussion. Effective writing and publishing scientific papers, part II: title and abstract. Cals JW, Kotz D. PMID: [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] MeSH Terms.
Humans; Periodicals as Topic; Publishing* Research Report/standards.Download