In the conduct of affairs among the Indians, York at times was more important to Lewis and Clark in successful negotiations than any of the trade goods or technological wonders could avail.
He, his father, his mother Rose and younger sister and brother Nancy and Jubawere enslaved by the Clark family. York asked for his freedom and at first Clark refused but did send him to Kentucky so he could be closer to his wife. When the time for departure was nearing, the captains drafted a notice that explained they were Americans sent out by the government to explore the interior of the continent.
On the expedition he felt like a free man, and then when he returned east he was a slave again, in a world where there was slavery and bondage. Finding little game and exposed to the fierce winter storms blowing in from the ocean on the north shore, the party elected to cross the river, where local Indians advised that deer and elk were plentiful.
Lewis was pleased with their eventual purchases: However, in Clark let York go to Louisville to be with his family for a short period of time. Gifts and demonstrated teclmologies of the expedition ah dimmed in significance before York.
Most Indian nations gave him near god like status. William Clark was a slave holder. Gerard Baker Listen to the RealAudio One of the stories obviously, comes from the journals, that they took, different tribes would take dirt, and I remember my father telling me about this story, taking dirt and try to go up to him and rub that black off.
What of that black man? He sold them, was cheated-entered into service-fared ill. The journals indicate an individual given assignments, responsibilities, and freedoms not nonnahy associated with a. It is not known if York fathered any children. At first, Clark refused, but inhe sent York to Kentucky.
The corps members accepted and depended, upon him as an equal. He was a great dancer. Sometimes with the Indian husband standing guard while the business was completed.
No one goes around painted black unless he means to steal up an enemy in the dark and kill him. And he was a part of the team. Its first known appearance was in the magazine National Geographic, November Such was a matter of fact with the Shoshones. As patience was wearing thin for Lewis and Clark as they negotiated for horses and information for the final assault to the Pacific they displayed York, knowing he would make a good show.
No records were found to support Mr. Here, the captains, to prevent duplicating the terrible westbound experience in the Bitteroots, had York cross the river with others, entrusting them with trade goods to barter for staple food items.
It is mentioned in journals that York went on scouting trips and going to trade with villages, experiencing freedom while doing that. There, it is explained that National Geographic based the name on information given by a Mr. He has rose sic?
His presence was considered a remarkable phenomenon that enhanced the prestige of the white strangers, who never had been seen previously by the isolated Indian populations.
The Nez Pearce stated that no one goes around painted black unless he plans to steal and kill his enemies in the dark. York went into the freighting business in Kentucky and Tennessee, and purportedly died of cholera sometime before He made his contribution.
He was part of the team, and he contributed just like the rest with hunting, fishing, putting up tents etc.
When Irving interviewed Clark inClark claimed to have freed York, but that York regretted being free because he was a failure at business, and died trying to get back to serve his master as a slave again in St.
The Arikaras practiced ritual cannibalism of their fallen enemies, but that was a far cry from consuming village youth. Ronda states in his book, Lewis and Clark Among the Indians, that among these tribes, York began to enjoy a new status: He could not get up early enough in the morng- his horses were ill kept-two died-the others grew poor.
He was a threat contributing to the possible demise of the expedition. How did York feel at the end of the expedition? That afternoon York and hordes of Arikara children had chased each other, the black man bellowing at them that he was a wild bear caught and tamed by Captain Clark.
You are always on the edges of respectability.York was Clark’s childhood companion. He was a slave. We know he was big. We know he was very athletic. He was a great dancer.
He was devoted to William Clark. He was a great help to the expedition because he was such a curiosity. Lewis and Clark Expedition. Historian Robert Betts says that the freedom York had during the Lewis and Clark expedition made resuming enslavement unbearable.
After the expedition returned to the United States, every other member received money and land for their services. One member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition was not a volunteer, and according to the law at the time, he was the property of another member of the expedition.
He was York, an African-American slave who belonged to William Clark, the expedition's co-leader. York’s Story.
York, a black slave of William Clark, is one of the most remarkable yet mysterious characters of the Lewis and Clark expedition. During the expedition York obtained levels of freedom and notoriety experienced by few slaves.
Yet, in the end, his experiences were fleeting, no lasting greatness gained. York, Captain William Clark’s black “manservant,” accompanied the Lewis and Clark expedition to the Pacific Ocean and back to the East ().
The letters between William Clark and his older brother Jonathan provide the most detail about York’s life after the Lewis and Clark expedition. Without those letters, we’d nothing about York. While Clark told Washington Irving in an interview he’d freed York, I don’t think the correspondence between William and Jonathan supports this.Download