This essay analyses the question whether referendums enhance or threaten democracy by taking a closer look at the pro and contra arguments used in the literature, essays and newspaper articles through which sociologists fight their battle about the subject.
Every single one of them follows specific goals and has to fulfil a function for society. Supporters argue that it is in accordance with democratic principles, that citizens should have a right to express an opinion on any proposal to change the constitutional rules according to which they are to be governed while governments themselves may use the referendum result to emphasise the public acceptability of policies which they wish to introduce in order to resolve difficult political problems.
Either way, you will be including enough information via your references, so that the reader can find your original source The use of referenda essay validate your claim or conduct further research. References help back up arguments, prove major points and make the essay more reliable.
The convent has come up with a first proposal for a European Constitution. It is possible that government support for one side rather than the other in a referendum campaign may unduly affect the outcome of the result because voters may cast their vote more as an assessment of overall government popularity and performance The use of referenda essay as a verdict on the specific referendum issue.
Discussions on whether this has been a fair and fully legal step made by elected representatives in a democracy or whether people should have been asked before passing such a major reform are ongoing. They are more of a supplement that is embedded into the idea of it.
Style Guidelines Specific guidelines outline the use of references in an essay, and most essays are written following APA, MLA or Chicago Style, depending on your subject and essay instructions. Critics claim that the increased use of referendums could undermine support for existing representative institutions in that once individuals are given the opportunity to take decisions on their own behalf they may be less willing to rely upon their representatives.
This was certainly the case in relation to the referendum in Northern Ireland which led to the setting up of a new Northern Ireland Assembly and Northern Ireland Executive in Stormont. Several important arguments have been raised in support of the increased use of referendums.
It is important to know which style format is required as this affects the way in which you will create in-text citations and reference page entries. Although these differences between nation states are obvious, there has been a revival of the idea of referendums as an instrument of direct democracy in the last decades.
Cite this Article A tool to create a citation to reference this article Cite this Article. Do the advantages of referendums outweight the disadvantages? Other people believe that referendums should not be used more widely and they too have a many good arguments to back this claim.
Although the use of referendums is increasing, there is no sight of them being an alternative for representative democracy. He certainly could not have done so in the summer of Using Sources As you gather references, it is important to use reliable sources that directly back up your main point.
Nowadays democracy almost exclusively means representative democracy, with the necessity of an elitist character. You can use references by summarizing, paraphrasing or quoting your sources, providing an in-text citation and listing the sources on your reference page.
The growing use of referendums and their impact on democracy. You might also search for professionals who have strong opinions on the matter and quote them in your paper. In chapter 5, a short outlook will be given on the function of referendums in the ever closer European Union.
The main one would be that if we have too many referendums they would lose their significance amongst the general public so the more referendums could mean less voting, because they may become tedious and so therefore would not represent whole nations views. Furthermore it is pointed out that although votes in parliament are usually won by the governing party, government ministers can also protect minority interests at least to some extent whereas the increased use of binding referendums on issues such as abortion or euthanasia could indeed increase the danger of the tyranny of the majority.
The reference page is a separate page that comes at the end of the essay and lists your sources in alphabetical order by last name of the author. Referendum essay Define Referendums.
Referendum campaigns are open to the criticisms that the referendum result could be influenced by the timing of the campaign which will be determined by the government itself and by the precise wording of the referendum question although this is now unlikely in the UK because the wording must be agreed with the independent Electoral Commission.
This would bolster the communication and relationship between government and public. The main idea behind the functional differentiation is to reduce the complexity of society and make it easier to understand.
As pointed out above, the people do not trust the government and the politicians that much any more; referendums therefore shall protect the people from politics and safeguards their interests.
For example, if you were writing a research paper on the benefits of school uniforms, you might look for statistics that discus how uniforms affect crime and peer pressure in schools. With better education systems, people know more and more about politics and the belief that they can be trusted in their ability to make decisions.
In general referendums are said to enhance the legitimacy and acceptability of government policy since the policy follows a full discussion of the issues in a referendum campaign and citizens are more likely to respect and conform to decisions which they have made themselves.
Why have referendums been used more widely since ? Clearly the overuse of referenda would not be a good idea, because as well as the arguments stated above also it may simplify a complex issue to a yes or no vote, or even merge to important issues into one.
For example with an APA-formatted essay, your parenthetical citation will include the last name of the author and year of publication. A danger with having more referendums is if the public is subjected to one-sided campaigns e.
Reference Page Every essay that uses research and outside information must also include a reference page where the sources are listed. As media or education, politics are one of these subsystems.
This could lead to increased demands for referendums on a whole range of complex moral questions which are currently decided inside parliament.Examples of referendums held in the UK include the referendum on remaining in the EU and the referendum in Northern Ireland to ratify the ‘Good Friday Agreement’.
Americans use. The wide use of referendums would make an improvement to democracy in the UK. A reason why it would be so beneficial is that referendums highly encourage political participation.
Essay on Drug Use Among Student Athletes - Junethe Supreme Court of the United States passed a law to randomly drug test students involved in extracurricular activities or sports. A voting decision of 6 to 3 set the law into place. Opponents have also raised powerful arguments against the use of referendums.
They argue that the use of referendums undermines the role of parliamentary representatives [i.e. MPs] by preventing them from using their independent judgement to represent the interests of their constituents.
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